The Caste System: 2.1. Get top class preparation for UGC right from your home: Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention. Social Stratification Meaning & types of social stratification. The nature of caste system in India can be studied as a social structural system and as a cultural system representing the unique feature of Indian cultures: Social Structural Aspects: The caste system is a hierarchy of values in terms of the concept of purity and impurity. Further, caste system, is not a monopoly of India. The caste system is associated with Hinduism and it has been governing the Hindu society for ages. According to Mazumdar & Madan – 'Caste is a closed class' i.e. There will be . It means that the people of the same caste belonging to the same race. Caste system ppt 1. Caste as a system of stratification has been viewed in two ways. Ghurye has proposed six main characteristics of caste system. FEATURES OF CASTE SYSTEM. Subject: Sociology (Optional) Topic: Caste System (a) Perspectives on the Study of Caste Systems, G.S. papers in the subject: Paper I ... Caste: The caste system: concept, caste origin, caste and class comparison, its features. Status can be either achieved or ascribed. i) hierarchy, ii) endogamy, iii) association with a hereditary occupation, iv) restrictions on food and social intercourse, v) distinction in custom, dress and speech, and. Sources of Diversity in India 1.3. The term caste used to present race or breed of a person. ADVERTISEMENTS: A caste is a social category whose members are assigned a permanent status within a given social hierarchy and whose contacts are restricted accordingly. The Caste System took its birth after the arrival of Aryans in India. In India we come across a special type of social stratification in the form of castes. Hierarchy system was evolved in those times. Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille (b) Features of Caste System (c) Untouchability - Forms and Perspectives. Ghurye, Caste is a system of stratification based on ascriptive pattern and it has six main features/ characteristics. These groups determine … 1. It is an open system of stratification. Inherent qualities associated with the caste system. He explained that Hindu social order doesn’t recognize equality, liberty and fraternity. of the caste system and the joint family. As a unit, caste is defined as ‘a closed -rank status group.’ As a system, caste refers to collectivity of restrictions, namely, restrictions on change of membership, occupation, marriage and communal and social relations. SOCIOLOGY (854) CLASS XII . Start studying Sociology Ch 10 Caste Systems. How castes are actually ranked with respect to one another in … A person who lived in a caste society was socialized to accept his or her social standing. The term refers to a process whereby people of lower castes collectively try to adopt upper caste practices and beliefs to acquire higher status. Social mobility - brahminisation, Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Main features of caste system Caste system hierarchically divides the society. Although the caste system in India has been officially dismantled, its residual presence in Indian society is deeply embedded. Login JOIN NOW Features of the Caste System. Meaning of Caste System. Segmental Division of Society: The caste system divides the whole society into various segments or sections. Rural Sociology Sunday, April 26, 2015 ... incorrect to say that the whole structure of the Hindu social organization and set up stand on two pillars i.e. The origin of the word caste found differently. Interconnectedness within different castes is reflected through the joint celebrations of festivals such as Hoh, Kumar Punima, observation of Raja Sankranti etc. MA SOCIOLOGY PAPER- VI Perspectives of Indian Society-II . Membership of class is primarily based on achieved status. Sociology: Caste System in India: Definition and Changes in Caste System Get unlimited access to the best preparation resource for CBSE/Class-12 Accountancy: fully solved questions with step-by-step explanation - practice your way to success. The main features of caste system are. Social Class System and Status. The Indian Caste System – Origin & features. Factors Contributing to the Unity of India 2. Critics of the twenty-first century have disapproved Hinduism as one of the roots of the system, and as such, India was researched in order to assess the key features of the caste system. 2 Caste System • The word caste is derived from the Portuguese casta meaning lineage, breed, or race. Dumont felt that the study of the caste system is useful for the knowledge of India, and it is an important task of general sociology. Traditional features of caste. Definition; Theory of Divine Origin; characteristics of caste. There have been 2800 different castes found in India and they have their own set of norms and beliefs. Social Mobility – Meaning & types. Segmental division of society: The caste system divides the whole society into various segments or sections. Features of Caste System in India Today. class refers to people based on property, business, occupation i.e. It indicates a process of cultural mobility that is taking place in the traditional social system … This content is for Sociology Optional members only! It has also often been referred to as the extreme form of closed class system. Caste system is an aspect of social stratification. [Sociology] Features of caste system. In India only a small percentage of the population who comprise of the educated elites, and numerically insignificant people, desire that the caste system should be abolished. Being hereditary, a person`s caste is not under his control and is something that is pre-determined even before his or her birth. Competitive Exams sociology notes on varna and jatis in India. 2 UNIT-I . on the part of various caste groups. Meaning of Unity and Diversity 1.2. Meaning and Definition of Caste 2.3. Integration of Castes: Jajmani system leads to the integration of castes. It is the most rigid and clearly graded type of social stratification. Features of Caste System by GS Ghurye. The operation of Indian political system bears the big and deep influence of such social factors as family, kinship, caste, religion, culture, socialisation process, race, language, class and others. Introduction. two . Even though this sounds unfair in modern society, the very base of caste system was decided by birth. Some says that “caste” meaning lineage. Caste systems promote beliefs in fate, destiny, and the will of a higher power, rather than promoting individual freedom as a value. 1. Definition of Caste System. He focused on the need to understand the ideology of caste as reflected in the classical texts, historical examples etc. • The caste system is a social hierarchy in which society is divided into groups. The caste system originates from societal tenets. The second feature of Hindu social order is that the occupations of people are inherited. vi) civil and religious disabilities and privileges enjoyed by different sections. The Caste System India 2. This fact has been rightly pointed out by K.M. one can't change his own caste system by can change the class system & can be a member of many classes at the same time. CHAPTER 1 Features of" the Caste System 1 CHAPTER 2 Nature of Caste Groups 31 CHAPTER 3 Caste through the Ages 4~ CHAPTER 4 Caste through the Ages (II) 76 ... University Department of Sociology, Bombay, 12-12-1956. Race as a biological concept, criteria of racial classification. Each of these castes is a well developed social group, the … Ambedkar analysed complex caste system and its essential features. Bougle used this perspective to focus on key features of caste. Competitive Exams: Main Features of Caste System Varna & Jati. A sense of highness and lowness or superiority and inferiority is associated with this gradation or ranking. G.S. Prof M. N Srinivas introduced the term sanskritization to Indian Sociology. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Unit VII Sociology of Nursing 2. FEATURES OF CASTE SYSTEM The important features of caste as unit are hereditary membership, endogamy, fixed occupation and caste councils, while the features of caste as a system are hierarchy, • APPLIED SOCIOLOGY commercial restrictions and restrictions with regard to physical and social distance. There was a segmental division of society in which they were classified in several units called as caste. PREFACE TO THE FffiST EDITION In 1921 when studying at Cambridge I chose caste … The feudal system of medieval Europe was a species of caste system. According to G.S. Jajmani System Feature # 7. The caste system of India does not permit a person to switch between the vertical strata or caste structure (that is an ascribed status) across the social hierarchy, thus making it a closed system. THE ORIGINS OF CASTE SYSTEM Though there are several theories, opinions and beliefs in this regard, the exact origin of caste cannot be traced. It existed and still exists in many parts of the world. Unity and Diversity: 1.1. The caste system in India consists of two different concepts namely Jati and Varna.. Social mobility is relatively easy. In the sociological writings, it is often viewed as a “closed system” of social stratification in which social groups, often divided on the basis of their occupations, strictly follow a code of behavior prescribed by tradition regarding marriage and kinship alliances. Ghurye, M.N. Features of class: As opposed to caste system, class does not have any religious or legal sanction. Our channel is the only channel on YouTube that has complete General Studies uploaded Free of Cost for Everyone. Origin and Structure of Caste 2.2. Social stratification is the one Caste is used both as a unit and as a system. A student of Political Science has to depend upon Sociology for understanding the nature of these factors and their role in society and politics. The following are the distinctive features of a caste system: Hereditary: Caste system is a hereditary phenomenon. The third principle is that interaction of people is limited to the people that belongs to the same caste. Sharply contrasted with […] Caste is popularly understood as a uniquely Indian and Hindu system of social organization. 3 Contents 1. FEATURES OF CASTE AS A SYSTEM Hierarchy Based on Wealth No two castes have an … Recently the salient features have been added in studying the covert mind control technique ... group life is the focal point of sociology. Indo-Aryans reached India about 2500 B.C. Caste as a System of Stratification: Caste refers to inequalities in terms of social honour/prestige. In other books the term caste was derived from from Spanish word “Casta” meaning breed or race. Certain ethnic groups such as Jews and Negroes are still treated as castes in … But it can be decidedly said that the Varnashram Vyavastha did exist before Caste System. 1. Social stratification 1. Class system, on the contrary, is an open system which allows vertical and horizontal mobility. The Brahmins are placed at the top of the hierarchy and are regarded as pure or supreme.